When buying a new trumpet, you will have to consider a lot of factors. Although it is great to have many options to choose from, this can make it confusing to pick the bright instrument. This is especially true if you are buying a trumpet for the first time. This guide will walk you through the major pieces that you must pay attention to when choosing a trumpet for sale:
Also called a leadpipe, the mouthpiece can be made of red brass, yellow brass, and sterling silver. Usually, red brass is preferred due to its less susceptibility to corrosion. If you choose yellow brass, you need to frequently clean the mouthpiece.
This part refers to the inside diameter of the tubing of the trumpet measured at the second valve slide. The majority of players use a bore from .458” to .460.” Horns that have bigger bores require more effort. Often, advanced professional musicians use these horns. If you are a new player, a horn that has a small bore might be appropriate for you since it makes it easier to support a good tone.
The valves of a trumpet are available in a variety of metals. Usually, you can find nickel-pistons in student trumpets as they are hard and durable as well as have a tolerance to infrequent cleaning. Another famous piston alloy is the Monel model which is softer than nickel plate and requires frequent lubrication and cleaning. A lot of professional instruments come with Monel pistons. Stainless steel pistons are also another kind. Sometimes, they are found in both intermediate and professional horns.
Yellow brass is the most common bell material used in horns from student models to professional instruments. Also, rose brass bells are popular, imparting a warmer, darker quality to the tone. There are also silver bells often found in high-grade horns.
The way the bell is made is more important than the bell material. The best bells are the one-piece, hammered into shape since they tend to vibrate in a uniform manner. Often, student and intermediate horns come with two-piece welded bells.
Usually, trumpets come with a clear lacquer finish on a buffed brass surface. Silverplate is another finish that is better than lacquer due to its thinner coating and ability to let the metal molecules vibrate and ring more, leading to a brighter tone. Also, some trumpets can have a lacquered nickel plate in different colors. Those who prefer a traditional look can choose a black finish.